Contribution of Dental Extraction Forceps in Atraumatic Tooth Extractions

Forceps are ordinary tools with extraordinary importance when it comes to providing atraumatic tooth extractions. Which can be an extremely painful experience if the right techniques and tools are not used. Nevertheless, the tooth extraction procedure involves two main instruments, dental extraction forceps, and elevators. Furthermore, the forceps come in different variations to accommodate the several oral treatments.

All forceps have 3 common parts with different designs:

  • Blades or Beaks
  • Hinges or joints
  • Handles

All three above-mentioned parts have to work smoothly and coherently in order to provide optimum treatment. If there is a lack of coordination in the movement, it can potentially hinder the prospect of an effective procedure and can even cause injury in case of slippage or overpressure.

Therefore it is highly important to use tools in excellent working condition. There are a lot of different factors that contribute to the smooth working of these forceps. From its quality to its build-up and from its safe sterilization to its proper maintenance. But the most important factor is using the right tool for the right task.

Variations in Forceps

These extraordinary instruments have numerous variations to provide extractions for different teeth areas of the mouth. There are two main categories of forceps, and each category has an additional subcategory. The first category helps in the extraction of upper teeth with having variations for the right and left quadrants. Furthermore, the second one helps in the removal of lower teeth with the same variations as the first category. 

One of the key differences in the dental extraction forceps used for upper and lower teeth are; The forceps for upper teeth have beaks on the same axis as handles and hinges. But they can either be straight or curved. On the other hand forceps for lower teeth have beaks at a right angle to the handles.

Moreover, there is also another type of forceps that can easily adapt to both upper and lower teeth areas and it is called universal forceps. They come in handy for multiple teeth extractions.

Furthermore, dental forceps also come in 2 distinct patterns. One is the American pattern which consists of hinges in a horizontal plane. And, the second is the English pattern which has hinges in the vertical axis with a visible screw in line with the handles.

Common types of dental extraction forceps for upper teeth:

Upper anterior forceps:

These forceps are best suited to the extraction of upper anterior teeth. They consist of two symmetrical beaks completely in line with the handles. Furthermore, instead of pointed tips, it has slightly bent or concave tips.

Upper premolar forceps:

Normally they are useful for the removal of upper premolar teeth. They consist of symmetrical beaks on the same axis as the handle with concave tips. However, these forceps have a curved shape like an “s” for better access to the premolars.

Maxillary forceps:

They come in two variations for the removal of upper molar teeth in the right or left quadrants. Furthermore, they have a curved shape with Asymmetrical beaks. One is pointy and the other is round.

Bayonet forceps:

They consist of an L shape blades with blunt edges. They play an important role in the removal of the upper remaining roots and wisdom teeth.

Most common types of forceps for lower teeth:

Lower anterior forceps:

Commonly come in use for the extraction of lower anterior teeth. Their beaks are symmetrical, short and narrow and are perpendicular to the handles. For easy access to the lower part of the mouth.

Mandibular forceps:

They help the expert in the removal of lower premolar teeth. They have beaks at a right angle to the handles that are slightly open, long and wide. This provides easy access and helps in quick removal.

Lower molar forceps:

These forceps are of the same shape as Mandibular forceps. However, their beaks are sharp and pointy for penetrating the buccal and lingual surfaces of lower molar teeth.

The general tooth extraction procedure:

There are various techniques for the removal of teeth in different oral locations. But the general tooth extraction procedure will be discussed here.

Normally a luxating elevator is used with the correct technique to luxate the tooth without unnecessary trauma. Moreover, once the tooth is loose then suitable forceps according to the location of the tooth are used for smooth extraction.


No doubt without the help of the right dental forceps. The critical procedure of atraumatic teeth extraction is quite impossible. Furthermore using the correct extraction technique also plays a major part in the successful treatment. Doing regular lubrication and sharpening of the tool can keep it functional for years.

At GerDentUSA we manufacture the best dental extraction forceps. That is crafted using only the top quality german forged stainless material with the right manufacturing techniques. We believe in providing superior quality at the best possible rates. You can explore our easy to use website for all different types of dental instruments. We can also customize the tools perfectly, according to your requirements, so you can always have a reason to love us.