Small businesses are increasingly becoming targets of cybercriminals. This is because they often lack the security measures that larger businesses have, making them easier to hack.
What are some of the most common cyber-attacks on small businesses?
Many different types of cyber-attacks can target small businesses, but some of the most common ones include:
- Phishing scams: This is when a cybercriminals sends an email to a business owner or employee with a link or attachment that appears to be from a legitimate source, such as a bank or credit card company. However, if the recipient clicks on the link or opens the attachment, they will download malware onto their computer.
- Ransomware: This is when hackers take control of a business’s computers and hold them for ransom until the business pays a ransom fee. Often, this ransomware will encrypt files on the computer to not be accessed without paying the ransom.
- Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks: This is when a hacker intercepts communications between two parties, such as an employee and a bank, and can gain access to sensitive information.
- Denial of service (DoS) attacks: This is when a hacker floods a business’s website with traffic or requests, causing the site to crash or become inaccessible.
- System vulnerability exploits: Occasionally, smartphones and OS on your desktop can have different security gaps, which are known as vulnerabilities. Servers can also have vulnerabilities as mentioned in the Log4shell vulnerability.
How can you protect your business from these attacks?
There are many things that small businesses can do to protect themselves from cyberattacks, including:
- Implementing strong passwords and using two-factor authentication whenever possible. This will make it harder for hackers to access your accounts.
- Installing malware protection software on all devices used by employees or contractors working remotely from home offices. This will help stop phishing scams before they start.
- Regularly updating software and operating systems. This will help close any security loopholes that hackers may have discovered.
- Educating employees about phishing scams and other types of cyberattacks. Employees are often the first line of defense against cyberattacks, so it is essential to educate them on how to spot a scam.
- Creating backups of important data in case it is lost or stolen by hackers. This will help you get your business back up and running quickly if there is a data breach.
- Ensuring that Wi-Fi networks are secure. Hackers can often access your network if it is not adequately secured.
- Using a VPN when accessing the internet from public Wi-Fi networks. A VPN will help protect your data from being monitored or stolen by hackers.
- Regularly test your cyber security measures to make sure they are effective. This will help you identify any vulnerabilities that may have been missed.
What should you do if your business is hacked?
If your business is hacked, it is vital to take steps to mitigate the damage and protect your data. Some things you can do include:
- Changing passwords for all accounts will help keep hackers from accessing your accounts and data. Changing your passwords is the first step to preventing further damage and prevention of further attacks.
- Notifying the authorities: If you believe that your business has been hacked as part of a more significant cyber-attack, it is essential to notify the authorities so they can investigate. Cybercriminals professionals and investigation would help you recover any damaged or lost assets, track down the criminals, and maybe even help prevent future attacks.
- Restoring lost or stolen data: If your data has been encrypted by ransomware, you may be able to restore it using a backup. Having a data backup and encryption service is essential to ensure you do not face significant losses due to damaged or lost data assets.
- Implementing new security measures: After a data breach, it is essential to implement new security measures to ensure it does not happen again. Try to opt-in for two-factor authentication, stronger passwords, and using a password manager.
- Seeking professional help: Sometimes, it is helpful to seek professional help after a data breach. A cyber security consultant can help you assess the damage done by the hackers and recommend new security measures to protect your business in the future.
Are there any resources or tools that can help me stay safe online?
Many resources are available to help small businesses improve their cyber security posture, including government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private companies. Here are some of them:
- The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) provides information about cyber threats, prevention, and response.
- The Federal Trade Commission (FTC): This website offers information on protecting your business from identity theft and data breaches.
- The Small Business Administration (SBA): This website provides information on how small businesses can prevent cyber-attacks and what to do if they are hacked.
- National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): This website offers guidance for small businesses on various topics, including security requirements.
- The U.S. Chamber of Commerce: This website provides information about how small businesses can protect themselves from cyber-attacks and what to do if they are hacked.
- Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs): These organizations provide free counseling and training for entrepreneurs, including cyber security advice.