Cancer is a disease in living organisms characterized by the abnormal uncontrolled growth of cells, which may invade other parts of the body and cause even more severe damage. Ovarian cancer in particular refers to the disease that affects cells in the ovaries of women.
Ovaries are part of the female reproductive system, of which there are two (each the size of a small almond), and are responsible for producing ova or eggs, as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Both of these functions are necessarily impacted by the abnormal growth of these ovarian cells, and hence the symptoms of this type of cancer-related to these products.
If you have a family history of ovarian cancer, you should definitely consider regular check-ups with a physician, since it means that you might be at greater risk of developing it, and catching it early could save you a lot of pain and stress in the future. If getting an in-person check-up is not possible at present, you should consider these online gynecologist for a convenient consultation.
When ovarian cancer first develops it may not cause noticeable symptoms, and if they do, owing to the symptoms’ overlap with more common conditions, they may be suggested to be caused by those, rather than ovarian cancer. However, here are the most common symptoms that may be the result of ovarian cancer:
- A feeling of fullness despite not eating much
- Loss of weight
- Back pain
- Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area
- Constipation, or some other change in bowel movements or habits
- A frequent need to urinate
- Swelling of the abdomen
Types of Ovarian Cancer
As there are primarily three types of cells present in the ovaries, each of these can develop into a distinct kind of tumor or cancer. These types include:
- Epithelial cells form the outermost tissue of the ovaries. Around 90% of all ovarian cancer tumors are epithelial and consist of subtypes that include serous carcinomas and mucinous carcinomas.
- Stromal cells are the hormone-producing cells of the ovaries. About 7% of ovarian cancer tumors develop from these cells, and they can normally be diagnosed at an earlier stage in development than the other kinds of cancer.
- Germ cells are responsible for the development of the ova. These result in the rarest type of cancer, though they do tend to occur at a younger age than any other type.
Though we do not know the exact cause of ovarian cancer, there are some factors that have been linked to a higher chance of individuals developing the disease. These include:
- Age: The chances of developing the disease increase as one gets older, with ovarian cancer normally being diagnosed in older adults.
- Genetic Inheritance: As mentioned earlier, a family history of the disease puts you at greater risk of developing it yourself. Some inheritable genes have been linked to a low percentage of ovarian cancer cases.
- Endometriosis: A condition whereby uterine tissue grows outside of the uterus.
- Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy: This may be used to control the symptoms of menopause, but can potentially increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
- Age of Menstruation: If menstruation began at an early age, or if menopause began at a later age than usual, you might be at greater risk of developing the condition.
If you are concerned that you are at risk of developing the condition, you should visit a professional as soon as possible. These are some of the Best Gynecologist in Karachi, if you require one in that city.
If you are a busy woman and find it difficult to set aside time to see your gynecologist, consider scheduling an online consultation. Gynecologists specialize in the health of female reproductive organs, so they should be visited yearly or as needed. However, many women don’t make regular visits due to the high cost and hassle involved. An online gynecologist consultation will allow you to get expert medical advice from the comfort of your home.