HYPERLAXITY IS A CHARACTERISTIC WHICH CAN HAVE MANY DISADVANTAGES IN LIFE, BUT IN SWIMMING MORE THAN NONE ELSEWHERE, IT IS AN UNDENIABLE ASSET. WHAT FOR? DON’T WORRY, American lifeguard association HAPPENS TO EXPLAIN TO YOU !!!!!!!
The swimmers are generally distinguished by a morphology very specific: tall, athletic, and trimmed V, the shoulders broad, with large, furnished with long legs and large hands.
A minority of swimmers and this is often the case for elite swimmers, however, have an additional quality: hyperlaxity.
1 / HYPERLAXITY
The laxity is characterized by a high elasticity of joints, muscles, and other tissues. People with hyperlaxity are sometimes able to contort parts of their bodies more than “normal” people.
Some “ hyperlaxes ” can twist certain parts of their body while remaining within the framework of “normality”, others with particularly developed joint flexibility, could really be akin to chewing gum men!
There are unfortunately many downsides to everyday hyperlaxity. The people-hyper laxes are often more prone to dislocations, tendonitis, joint disorders, and pain.
Fortunately for hyperlaxity swimmers, we will see that there are not only disadvantages!
2 / SWIMMERS AND HYPERLAXITY
It is important to note that swimming does not make you hyperlaxity. It is more of a sport chosen by people with hyperlaxity in order to avoid the shock of other sports on the joints (running, combat sports, etc.). Indeed, for “ hyperlaxes ”, a twist of the ankle or wrist quickly occurs.
The hyperlaxity swimmers are also often motivated by their ease in the water and their ability to perform quickly to their competitors. This morphological predisposition is favorable to swimming, which generally allows them to distinguish themselves more easily and therefore to choose the path of competitive swimming.
The question running through our heads now is: how can hyperlaxity benefit swimmers?
3 / HYPERLAXITY: A REAL ADVANTAGE
The laxity allows some swimmers to be more ” flexible ” in their joints and to use this flexibility to their advantage.
The flexibility of the shoulders does not necessarily allow you to swim faster but to swim less slowly (nuance). Indeed, this laxity will help the swimmer to more easily disengage his shoulders from the water and to provide them with a more “focused” rotation which will cause little resistance to the water. Thanks to the flexibility of his arms, his swimming amplitude will also be increased.
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In addition, during a wave casting in swimming, the legs should not be the only ones active, the wave originates at the level of the bust. This technique is much easier to perform (even instinctive) for a hyperlaxity person where their torso, back, pelvis and knees will describe a fluid ripple, reducing the brakes and increasing propulsion.
Finally, ankle flexibility is a crucial asset in swimming and lifeguard course. The most striking example is hidden in the swimming of the champion Michael Phelps (one of the first body types to be combed through). In addition to wearing a size 48, his ankles have the ability to bend 15 degrees more than those of other people. In particular, this allows it to whip water as real natural fins would have done. It may seem minimal, but its propulsive force is increased by more than 10%.
For people naturally predisposed to swimming, hyperlaxity is a common characteristic. Associated with this, a slender physique will allow them to access sample ripple and a dynamic and powerful swim.
In short, if you are feeling flexible and contortion-ism is not your cup of tea, try your hand at swimming!